Signs and symptoms of depression

    Signs and symptoms of depression

    Signs and symptoms

    Symptoms of depression can include:

    depressed mood
    reduced interest or pleasure in activities previously enjoyed, loss of sexual desire
    unintentional weight loss (without dieting) or low appetite
    insomnia (difficulty sleeping) or hypersomnia (excessive sleeping)
    psychomotor agitation, for example, restlessness, pacing up and down
    delayed psychomotor skills, for example, slowed movement and speech
    fatigue or loss of energy
    feelings of worthlessness or guilt
    impaired ability to think, concentrate, or make decisions
    recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or attempt at suicide
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    Causes
    The causes of depression are not fully understood and may not be down to a single source. Depression is likely to be due to a complex combination of factors that include:

    genetics
    biological - changes in neurotransmitter levels
    environmental
    psychological and social (psychosocial)
    Some people are at higher risk of depression than others; risk factors include:

    Life events: These include bereavement, divorce, work issues, relationships with friends and family, financial problems, medical concerns, or acute stress.
    Personality: Those with less successful coping strategies, or previous life trauma are more suceptible.
    Genetic factors: Having a first-degree relatives with depression increases the risk.
    Childhood trauma.
    Some prescription drugs: These include corticosteroids, some beta-blockers, interferon, and other prescription drugs.
    Abuse of recreational drugs: Abuse of alcohol, amphetamines, and other drugs are strongly linked to depression.
    A past head injury.
    Having had one episode of major depression: This increases the risk of a subsequent one.
    Chronic pain syndromes: These and other chronic conditions, such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease make depression more likely.
    Treatment
    People sat in circle listening to person in group therapy or counseling
    Counseling or therapy may help a person manage the symptoms of depression.
    Depression is a treatable mental illness. There are three components to the management of depression:

    Support, ranging from discussing practical solutions and contributing stresses, to educating family members.
    Psychotherapy, also known as talking therapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
    Drug treatment, specifically antidepressants.

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    Moves Alshrir
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