Venice, Italy

    *Venice is an Italian city and a major seaport, the capital of the province of Venice, and the Veneto region of northern Italy. It is a city made up of a group of 118 islands that connect bridges and canals. From one place to another.

    *Venice has a unique architectural character, a unique environment, and a long history. The city served as a bridge between the medieval and medieval continents of Europe through its harbor, which still has a special status as a port in the north of the Adriatic. The city is named "Serenissima" or Republic [1] [2] The city of Venice is 2,461.52 km 2, and according to the estimates of 2016, the population reached 855,696 people.

    Geography of Venice

    *Venice is located in the north-east of Italy, in the Veneto region, [4] the sixth largest city in the region. [5] Venice overlooks the shores of the Adriatic Sea [4] and is located in a semi- [6] Venice is a lake that collects a number of small islands and is protected by a strip of land called the Lido. [7] The city's coordinates extend from 45.4º north latitude to 12.3º east. [4]

    *In the summer, average temperatures range between 24 ° C and 27 ° C. Humidity increases in the atmosphere, which helps to form fog around the city. Temperatures in the spring and autumn are relatively cold , But the sun continues brightly, with the winds of the north, and the winter is cold to very cold, where the average temperature in January to 2.2 degrees Celsius, and the city's fog is thick, and in October and November, the rate of rainfall, The rate is up during these two Months to 185 mm, followed by the month of May, which has a rainfall rate of 170 mm, and the annual rainfall rate reaches 865 mm. [1]

    History of Venice

    The city of Venice was founded after the fall of the western Roman state; unlike most large Italian cities, the Vandal attacks in northern Italy in 568 led to the exodus of large numbers of inhabitants to the Venetian region. Later, the region became part of the Byzantine Empire of Raffina in 584 AD,

    * In the wake of these events, the city underwent a series of vicissitudes between supporters and opponents of Byzantine rule, that the Duke of Obelierio and his brother Bayato allied with the Kingdom of Italy, and placed the city of Venice under the rule of the city of Venice. The king of Pepin of salvation from the Byzantine rule, then trade flourished in the city, and the development of political consciousness in which even became The choice of the Duke is made through the general elections at the beginning of the ninth century AD [8]

    *Under the rule of Duke Domenico Contarni (1043-70 CE), a church was built for St. Mark; the Duke of Contarini defended the religious autonomy of the Duchy, but the struggle between the Church and the Empire continued, but this did not affect the trade movement of the city. Although the Norman state gave the city full powers to trade freely through its territory. This led to the beginning of commercial Venice activity in the East in 1082,Between the Byzantine Empire and Venice deteriorated, but the extension of the Venice across the Adriatic Sea and the coast of Dalmatia strengthened its political role as a center of power

    Tourism in Venice

    The city of Venice is one of the most important tourist destinations attracting tourists from all over the world annually, and for its importance, Venice and its lagoons were listed on UNESCO's list of world heritage and monuments in 1987. [9]

    *The Grand Canal is a major route through which water transport, such as gondolas, water taxis and water buses, are carried out. The usual means of transport from cars and buses are not permitted in the city. The large canal passes through the city, Chiara, and 4 bridges pass through. St. Mark's 

    *Church and the Bell Tower: The bell tower is located in the Piazza San Marco and is 30 stories high. The church of San Marco is located behind it. The teachers return to the ninth century AD and have been rebuilt and restored several times. The architectural design of the buildings follows Byzantine Gothic styles in a unique way .

    *Rialto Bridge: One of the four bridges on the Grand Canal, made of stone, designed by Antonio da Ponte, completed in 1591 and built as an alternative to the wooden bridge that collapsed in 1524. St. Mark's Square: The only public square in Venice, the square was the main gathering place of the city, where the church of Santa Chiara and the Doji Palace, and formed a trapezoidal square.

    *Santa Maria della Salot: This church dates back to the 19th century and is located at the confluence of the Grand Canal with Venice Lake, a white building with a huge dome and originally built as a consecration of the Virgin Mary to save the city from the plague that wiped out one-third of the city's population.


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