the moldive Islands

    the moldive Islands

    the moldive Islands

    • The Maldives and officially the Republic of Maldives is a country located in the Asian continent in the Indian Ocean, passing by the equator southward, located southwest of Sri Lanka and India. A series of 26 islets of islands from the island of Ihavandhippolhu in the north to the city of Addo in the south, consisting of an area of ​​approximately 298 square kilometers (115 square miles), which the Arabs used to call the delusional or Mahdib, The character became pronounced in Maldives.

    • The Maldives was established in 1965 by the Maldives. Its official language is the Devi Raji (Republic of Maldives), with a population of 309,000 in a square km with its capital Malé. The Maldives is a member of the Commonwealth and joined in 1982.

    Originally called Maldivian

    • The Maldives has known many different names during its long history of more than 2,000 years, although several different names are given, the location and description of the islands confirm that they are Maldives. The name "Maldives" was derived from the designation of the Yemeni sailors to the island by Mahal Dibiyat, which Ibn Battuta mentioned in his famous journey and is still using the emblem of the Republic of the Maldives. The translators came in these days and were told about them without knowledge or a rostrum. They said, "Maldives" is a mistake. And her family - and I have seen them - still say leisurely misfortune "spoil of time".

    • Comparative studies in linguistics, customs and traditions in the Maldives indicate the decline of the early settlers of the Dervidian dynasty of Kerala in the Sangam period (300 BC - 300 m). These studies suggest that these settlers are only fishermen from the southern Indian subcontinent and the western coasts of Sri Lanka . The Garaavaru people - who are descendants of the Tamils ​​- are one of the first settlers in the Maldives to mention their presence in Maldivian folklore and their establishment of royal rule in Mali. The Kerala voyages also led to the settlement of the Tamils ​​in Lakhdip and the Maldives. These islands were considered as one group in the archipelago, and the Maldives were affected by Tamils ​​and Malayalam,This influence is manifested in place names, poetry, dance and religious beliefs. Some argue that Gujarat settlers formed the main class of immigration to the Maldives, where voyages from Gujarat to the Maldives began during the Indus Valley civilization. Some studies also suggest that some early immigrants from Southeast Asia may come. The Sinhalese, led by Prince Vijaya, were introduced to the Maldives between 543 BC and 483 BC after being forced to leave their original homeland in Orissa. According to Mahavansa, a historical poem written during the reign of the kings of Sri Lanka, one of the ships sailing on Prince Fijaba's fleet landed in the Maldives. Some evidence suggests that Arabs and Asians have come to the Maldives, especially in the southern coral islands of Maldives.

    The 2004 tsunami

    On December 26, 2004, the tsunami devastated the Maldives, only 9 islands survived, while 57 islands suffered severe infrastructure damage. 14 islands were completely cleared and 6 islands destroyed. The damage was estimated at $ 400 million, which is almost one-third of GDP. The total number of victims was 108, six of them foreigners, and the waves were longer than 14 feet (4.3 meters) high.

    • Politics

    Politics in the Maldives occurs within the presidential republic, where the president is prime minister. The president presides over the executive authority and appoints ministers. The president is nominated for a five-year term by a secret ballot from the parliament, and the constitution bars non-Muslims from voting.

    • History

    Ancient history and settlement

    The first Maldivians did not leave any archaeological traces. Their buildings may have been built of wood, palm fronds and other perishable materials, damaging them to the salt and winds of the tropical climate. In addition, presidents did not reside in advanced stone palaces, nor did their religion require the construction of large temples.

    Period of Buddhism

    Buddhism came to the Maldives at the time of Emperor Ashoka's expansion and became the dominant religion of the Maldives until the 12th century. The ancient Maldives kings promoted Buddhism, the first Maldives writings and artistic achievements, in the form of a highly sophisticated sculpture and architecture, are from that period.

    Islamic era

    The entry of Islam into decrees written in copper plates from the end of the 12th century. The famous Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta, who visited the Maldives in the 14th century, wrote how a Moroccan, Abu Barakat Barbary, was believed to have been responsible for spreading Islam on the islands. Although he has been said to have been questioned in later sources, this report has explained some critical aspects of Maldivian culture. For example, Arabic has historically been the main language of administration there, rather than the Persian and Urdu languages ​​used in neighboring Islamic countries. Another link to North Africa was the Maliki doctrine of jurisprudence, used in most parts of North Africa, which was an official in the Maldives until the 17th century.

    British Protectorate, 1887-1965

    On December 16, 1887, the Sultan of the Maldives signed a contract with the British ruler Ceylon transforming the Maldives into a British protectorate, thereby giving up sovereignty over the islands in foreign policy matters, but retaining internal autonomy. The British government promised military protection and non-intervention in local administration in exchange for an annual tribute, so that the islands were closer to the state of the Indian princes.

    the moldive Islands

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